Everything about skin exfoliation

Exfoliation is a technique by which dead cells are removed from the surface of the skin. By removing this accumulated layer, exfoliation lightens your skin and allows cosmetics to enter the deep layers of the skin, giving you better results.

There are two types of exfoliation: mechanical and chemical

In mechanical exfoliation is used an instrument, such as a rotary brush for the face or a facial scrub that physically removes the dead cells.

Chemical exfoliation, on the other hand, uses ingredients such as alpha or beta hydroxy acids to dissolve dead cells and remove them from the surface of the skin.

The best way to exfoliate your skin depends on your preferences, but also on your skin type.

A 15% vitamin C concentration mixed with glycolic acid and antioxidants penetrates perfectly the deep layers, so you instantly get a skin with a uniform texture that radiates and have a natural sparkle.

How often should you exfoliate your skin?
In this case, less is better. The goal is not to reddish your skin and feel it irritated, but to gently help with the natural exfoliation process of your body.

Here’s how often you should exfoliate your skin, depending on your skin type:

Sensitive skin: You should delicately exfoliate it, using a facial textile cloth,  soaked in warm water or apply a chemical exfoliant with a low concentration of active ingredients.
Exfoliate your skin once or twice a week. Avoid scrubs that contain abrasive particles because they can irritate the sensitive skin.

Oily Skin: Oily skin is more resistant to peeling and has a good tolerance, so you can exfoliate up to five times a week. Use an electric scrub brush or an exfoliating serum.

Normal and Mixed Skin: You can use any of the above methods, up to three times a week.

When exfoliation is not recommended?

Not everyone can benefit from exfoliation. For people who are experiencing acne, exfoliation does more harm than good. If you have cystic acne or other chronic acne, your skin is already inflamed. And irritation following exfoliation can leave behind spots known as post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. Hyperpigmentation may persist longer and occurs more often on people who have dark skin.

There are also other cases where peeling is not recommended.
If you have any kind of wound on the face, if you are experiencing a skin infection or if your skin is sunburned you shouldn’t exfoliate it.

How to Properly Exfoliate Your Skin

Mechanical exfoliation
Using a brush for the skin and a scrub, gently massage the skin with circular motions.
Don’t press too hard or rub.
Rinse with cold or warm water, in no case hot water.
Dry the face with a towel or paper towels and apply a moisturizing cream. Never jump over this step because the skin is dry after peeling.

Chemical exfoliation
Choose a product for chemical exfoliation according to your skin and apply it on the clean skin, using circular movements.
If it’s a product that you have to let it act on your face, read the instructions and don’t exceed the recommended waiting time. Rinses with lukewarm water.
Dry the face with a clean towel and apply a moisturizing cream.